Wine stands for “Wine is not an emulator” and it is an open source software which allows Linux, Mac, FreeBSD, and Solaris users to run Windows applications without a copy of Microsoft Windows. Wine is not a virtual machine or emulator it just provides the binary compatibility.
Binary compatibility means
- It Loads Windows 9x/NT/2000/XP/Vista/7/8, Windows 3.x and DOS programs and libraries
- Win32 compatible memory layout, exception handling, threads and processes
- Designed for POSIX compatible operatings systems (eg. Linux and FreeBSD)
- “bug-for-bug” compatibility with Windows
Wine also support for graphics and sound interaction
- X11-based graphics allows remote display to any X terminal
- X11, TrueType (.ttf/.ttc) and Windows Bitmap (.fon) Fonts
- DirectX support for games (limited Direct3D support)
- Support for OpenGL based games and applications
- Printing via PostScript driver or legacy native Win16 printer drivers
- Enhanced Metafile (EMF) and Windows Metafile (WMF) driver
- Desktop-in-a-box or mixable windows
- Windows MultiMedia (WinMM) layer support with builtin codecs
Wine allows Windows program to interface with modems, networks, scanners, Mouse, keyboards, and other devices.
- Sound devices via ALSA, OSS, JACK, Core Audio, libaudio, etc.
- Multi-lingual keyboards and CJK input method support via XIM
- Modems, serial devices
- Networks (TCP/IP and IPX)
- ASPI Scanners
- Windows Tablets via XInput (eg. Wacom)
API Coverage and Portability
- Designed for source and binary compatibility with Win32 code
- Win32 API test suite to ensure compatibility
- Compilable on a wide range of C compilers
- Permits mixing of Win32 and POSIX code
- Permits mixing of ELF (.so) and PE (.dll/.exe) binaries in one address space
- Win32 compatible header files
- Automatically generated API documentation
- Resource compiler
- Message compiler
- IDL compiler
- Extensive Unicode support
- Internationalization — Wine supports 16 languages
- Built-in debugger and configurable trace messages
- External memory checker support using Valgrind
- Sample programs
The Wine maintenance release 1.8.3 is now available.We can download it from their official site
We can get the detailed information about how to Download and Install wine package in Linux is here
What’s new in this release WINE 1.8.3 are as follows:
- Various bug fixes.
- A lot of NVidia cards added to the GPU description table.
- Updates to the National Language Support files.
- Adventure games from Kheops Studio hang after the logo screen
- Office 2010 font embedding when exporting to PDF
- wine fails to compile with >=glibc-2.23
- cmd.exe (native): Unimplemented function KERNEL32.dll.GetConsoleAliasExesLengthW
Install Wine On Ubuntu
If your system is 64 bit, enable 32 bit architecture sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386 Add the repository sudo add-apt-repository ppa:wine/wine-builds Update packages sudo apt-get update Then install the wine sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-devel
Now enjoy windows applications and games in your Linux machine, Wine also supports the vast number of windows games, We can get the wine compatibility application list from here.