Moodle installation on Linux



It is a free and open-source software learning management system written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License. Moodle is used for blended learning, distance education, flipped classroom and other e-learning projects in schools, universities, workplaces and other sectors. In this article, we will be known about the installation of Moodle on Linux.

Before we going to proceed with the installation, We have to install some Prerequisites as follows

  • Install Lamp stack and PHP modules
  • Create Database/User
  • Install and Configure Moodle

Lamp installation

The lamp is the acronym for Linux, Apache, Mysql/MariaDB and Php. The detailed guide to installing LAMP stack is here: Installation of Lamp stack on Linux

We can also install Lamp simply from the following command

#rpm -Uvh
#rpm -Uvh
#yum -y install httpd mariadb mariadb-server php56w php56w-opcache

Now install the PHP Modules as follows

#yum -y install php56w-iconv php56w-mbstring php56w-curl php56w-openssl php56w-tokenizer php56w-xmlrpc php56w-soap php56w-ctype php56w-zip php56w-gd php56w-simplexml php56w-spl php56w-pcre php56w-dom php56w-xml php56w-intl php56w-json php56w-ldap php56w-mysql

Now enable and start httpd and MariDB services as follows

#systemctl enable httpd mariadb
#systemctl start httpd maridb

By default the root password for MariaDB is now we have to set the password for the root in MariaDB.

[root@localhost ~]# mysql_secure_installation


In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y
New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Create Database/User

Connect to MariaDB by using the following command

#mysql -u root -p

Now create the database, user and then grant the permissions to user as follows

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 11
Server version: 5.5.52-MariaDB MariaDB Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> create database moodle_database;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> create user 'user1'@'localhost' identified by 'password';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on moodle_database.* to 'user1'@'localhost';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> exit

Now Download the Moodle from their official site as follows


Sample Output:

Now extract it and copy to the /var/www/html/ directory

# tar -xzf moodle-latest-32.tgz
#cp -rf moodle /var/www/html/

Now change the permissions of the moodle directory as follows

[root@localhost ~]# chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/moodle
[root@localhost ~]# chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/moodle

Now create a Directory moodledata in /var/www/ and change the permissions as follows

[root@localhost ~]# cd /var/www
[root@localhost www]# mkdir moodledata
[root@localhost www]# chown -R apache:apache /var/www/moodledata
[root@localhost www]# chmod -R 755 /var/www/moodledata

Now restart httpd service and access the moodle in your web browser by using URL Address: http://localhost/moodle

First, choose the Language and then click on Next button

Check the web address and moodle directories and then click on Next Button

Select the DataBase Driver and click on Next

Insert the Database configuration like Database host, Database username, Database password etc.

To confirm the license agreement click on Next Button

Once all the minimum requirements are satisfied click on continue to complete the installation. Set password for Admin user and click on update profile to complete the installation.

Configure Site Name and Front page click on continue. The dashboard of moodle windows is as follows

From the site administration option we can add users, courses, plugins etc. Enjoy Moodle in your system.


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This is Naga Ramesh Reddy from Bangalore (India).I have 4+ years of experience in System and Network Administration field. I like to read and write about Linux, Cisco, Microsoft and DevOps technologies and the latest software releases. Particularly I am very interested about Linux flavors like Centos, RHEL, Ubuntu and Linux Mint.