Joomla installation on Linux



Joomla is a free and open source CMS(Content Management System) for Publishing web content like WordPress, Ghost etc. It is written in PHP uses OOPs and software Design Patterns. It stores data in MY SQL, MS SQL or Postgres SQL database. It also has features like Page caching, Blogs, search and support for various languages worldwide.

In this article, we will be known about the installation of Joomla on Centos and RHEL.
Before we going to proceed with the installation, We have to install some Prerequisites as follows

  • Install Lamp stack and PHP modules
  • Create Database/User
  • Install and Configure Moodle

Lamp installation

The lamp is the acronym for Linux, Apache, Mysql/MariaDB and Php. The detailed guide to installing LAMP stack is here: Installation of Lamp stack on Linux

We can also install Lamp simply from the following command

#rpm -Uvh
#rpm -Uvh
#yum -y install httpd mariadb mariadb-server php56w php56w-opcache

Now install the PHP Modules as follows

#yum -y install php56w-iconv php56w-mbstring php56w-curl php56w-openssl php56w-tokenizer php56w-xmlrpc php56w-soap php56w-ctype php56w-zip php56w-gd php56w-simplexml php56w-spl php56w-pcre php56w-dom php56w-xml php56w-intl php56w-json php56w-ldap php56w-mysql

Now enable and start httpd and MariDB services as follows

#systemctl enable httpd mariadb
#systemctl start httpd maridb

By default the root password for MariaDB is now we have to set the password for the root in MariaDB.

[root@localhost ~]# mysql_secure_installation


In order to log into MariaDB to secure it, we'll need the current
password for the root user.  If you've just installed MariaDB, and
you haven't set the root password yet, the password will be blank,
so you should just press enter here.

Enter current password for root (enter for none):
OK, successfully used password, moving on...

Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB
root user without the proper authorisation.

Set root password? [Y/n] y
New password:
Re-enter new password:
Password updated successfully!
Reloading privilege tables..
 ... Success!

By default, a MariaDB installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone
to log into MariaDB without having to have a user account created for
them.  This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation
go a bit smoother.  You should remove them before moving into a
production environment.

Remove anonymous users? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'.  This
ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network.

Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

By default, MariaDB comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can
access.  This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed
before moving into a production environment.

Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n] y
 - Dropping test database...
 ... Success!
 - Removing privileges on test database...
 ... Success!

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far
will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n] y
 ... Success!

Cleaning up...

All done!  If you've completed all of the above steps, your MariaDB
installation should now be secure.

Thanks for using MariaDB!

Create Database/User

Connect to MariaDB by using the following command

#mysql -u root -p

Now create the database, user and then grant the permissions to user as follows

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 11
Server version: 5.5.52-MariaDB MariaDB Server

Copyright (c) 2000, 2016, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> create database joomla_database;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> create user 'user1'@'localhost' identified by 'password';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on joomla_database.* to 'user1'@'localhost';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> exit

Read also WordPress installation on Linux.

Now download latest version Joomla from their official site


Now Unzip and copy to the /var/www/html/ directory as follows

#unzip joomla_3-6-5-stable-full_package-zip?format=zip -d /var/www/html/joomla

Now change the permissions of directory and restart HTTPd server by using the following command

# chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/joomla/
# chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/joomla
#systemctl restart httpd

Now access Joomla by using your favorite browser http://ip-address/joomla

Once complete the Configuration like Site name, Email, administrator password etc click on Next to configure Database settings.

Complete the database settings and click Next to continue. Then check the configuration and click install to complete the installation.

Now the installation folder from /var/www/html/joomla directory.

#rm -rf /var/www/html/joomla/installation

Now access http://ip-address/joomla/administrator to access the login page

Now enter credentials to log in and access the control panel

Click on New article to write a new post.Now Enjoy Joomla in your system.

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This is Naga Ramesh Reddy from Bangalore (India).I have 4+ years of experience in System and Network Administration field. I like to read and write about Linux, Cisco, Microsoft and DevOps technologies and the latest software releases. Particularly I am very interested about Linux flavors like Centos, RHEL, Ubuntu and Linux Mint.